How to plant and care for dogwood
Dogwood is a berry with a characteristic sweet and sour taste and many useful properties. To be content with the harvest every year, the bush can be planted on its site. Next, you will learn how to plant a plant, what are the features of caring for the crop and how to get a tasty crop.
Choosing a place to land
For planting dogwood, choose brightly lit areas. Light penumbra is also suitable. Groundwater should be located no higher than 1.5 m above ground level. Dogwood Garden can be placed on the southwestern slope with an angle of up to 10 °. The southern side of the hill will also be suitable.
When is it better to plant a dogwood
In the southern lane, you can plant a plant in open ground:
- in mid-February;
- autumn to mid-September.
In the central regions, spring planting is preferred. The optimal time is the beginning of spring, approximately the first two decades of March. Early dates are associated with the fact that the bush enters early in the growing season. The gardener needs to have time to plant a plant before sap flow begins.
What can be planted next to the dogwood
The good and bad neighborhood of plant crops is a separate science called allelopathy.
- According to research by nerds, a good neighborhood for dogwood would be:
Also consider the characteristics of pollination of the crop. An ideal neighbor for dogwood is another plant variety, thanks to which berries will be tied on the bushes.
What soil does dogwood like?
The optimal type of soil is loose and breathable. In general, the composition of the soil does not matter. The culture is well established on different types of substrate. It is desirable that the earth be saturated with lime.
Did you know? Some foodies use cornel kernels to make drinks. Beans are ground and brewed, like coffee beans.
Dogwood is planted, keeping a distance of 4.5-6.5 m between the bushes. This is a prerequisite - with a closer arrangement, the plants will not have enough nutrition. This distance is maintained when planting a young plant, and when transplanting.
When replanting an adult bush, proceed according to the following algorithm:
- Dig up the bush without removing the earthen lump from the rhizome.
- Dig a planting hole the size of a little larger than the root system of the plant.
- Move the dogwood to a new place.
- Fill the hole in the hole with earth.
If desired, the bush can be propagated. Of the methods available for garden cultivation, agronomists distinguish reproduction by seeds, seedlings, layering and cuttings.
For this method, it is necessary to extract seeds from the berries. Sowing starts in the fall after harvest. Seeds need to be stratified. For this, sawdust is laid out in a box, grains are poured to them and left in the refrigerator with a temperature of +1 ... + 5 ° С.
Stratification lasts a year. The next fall, the seeds are removed and sown in separate pots for seedlings. Seedlings are regularly watered. After 1-2 years, the seedlings grow to 15 cm. At this point, the seedlings can be transplanted to a permanent place. The transplantation algorithm is the same as when planting seedlings.
The most popular method for growing dogwood is to plant a seedling.
High-quality planting material has the following characteristics:
- age 2 years;
- main stem up to 2 cm thick;
- on the trunk 3-5 branches;
- height about 1.3–1.5 m.
Important! Buy seedlings in specialized nurseries. Official manufacturers will provide quality certificates if necessary.
Perform the procedure according to the following algorithm:
- Inspect the seedling. With the root system open, if the roots are dry, place them in water for 2 hours.
- Dig a landing hole with a diameter and depth of 0.8 m.
- Mix the top layer of earth from digging with a bucket of compost and lay on the bottom of the hole.
- Drive a stake of 1.5 m high into the center of the pit.
- Mark the seedling in the hole.
- Fill the voids in the pit with soil so that the root neck 3 cm rises above ground level.
After landing, tie the barrel to the stake. Water the plant and mulch with humus.
Dogwood can be propagated by layering. They resort to the method in March - April. To do this, well-developed one- or two-year-old stems with buds are bent to the soil, embedded in furrows and dug with soil. When the branches start up new branches up to 12 cm long, they are half sprinkled with soil.
In 3 weeks, the sprouted shoots will grow another 10 cm. Now they need to be sprinkled with soil again. In autumn or spring, layering is separated from the mother bush and transplanted to a permanent place.
Cuttings are less popular than other methods. Often propagation by cuttings is used in nurseries. At home, after planting, up to half of the cuttings are rooted. If you decide to resort to this method, cut the cuttings from shrubs older than 5 years.
The procedure is carried out in June - early July. Cuttings are cut from the tops of young shoots. The recommended length of the scraps is 10–15 cm. The cuttings are cleaned of the lower leaves and placed in the root stimulator for 6–10 hours. Treated material is planted in greenhouses.
The landing algorithm is as follows:
- Level the soil.
- Pour 10 cm of sand.
- Land the trim close to each other at a diagonal slope.
- Water the plantings.
- Cover the bed with a greenhouse so that between the film and the plants there is up to 20 cm of space.
After planting, water the cuttings regularly. Maintain the temperature in greenhouses up to + 25 ° C, ventilate if necessary. Cuttings take root approximately 20 days after planting. After this, remove the film overnight for 1–1.5 weeks. After the specified time, remove the greenhouse.
Now the plants are transplanted to another place. To do this, cuttings are dug up without removing the ground from the root system, and move into a hole prepared by the size of the rhizome. After transplantation, it is necessary to replenish with a solution of ammonium nitrate (30 g of concentrate per 10 l of water).
Until the end of summer, water and weed the garden. In September - October, rooted cuttings are transplanted into the garden by analogy to the previous transplant. Plants must be looked after according to standard agricultural techniques.
Subtleties of outdoor care
Dogwood is a very unpretentious culture. For successful fruiting, only basic agricultural technology is needed. Plant care includes regular watering, top dressing and pruning. It is also necessary to take into account the subtleties of pollination, without knowledge of which it will not be possible to collect a tasty crop.
The culture has drought tolerance and can withstand high temperatures. However, shrubs need abundant watering.. With a lack of moisture, the berries shrink or fall. The lack of watering affects the overall yield.
Water the plants as the soil dries. If possible, always keep the soil slightly moist. After each watering, loosen the aisles. Loosened earth provides high breathability.
Important! Loosen the soil a maximum of 10 cm deep. Otherwise, the root system may be damaged.
Dogwood responds well to dressing. Organic and mineral preparations can be used.
The approximate scheme of fertilizing under the bush is as follows:
- in the early spring before the start of the growing season - 40 g of nitrogen, 20 g of potash;
- when laying fruit buds (May - June) - 10 l of slurry;
- at the end of the growing season in the fall - 10 kg of compost and 90 g of phosphorus.
In the early years, it is necessary to form a skeletal skeleton. The result should be a shrub on a stem with a height of approximately 0.6 m.The main branches leave no more than 5-7.
Durable stems are used as skeletal shoots. During the formation period, it is necessary to remove all branches, except skeletal ones, taking into account the root growth. At 2-3 years of life, when the crown is formed, you can resort to sanitary pruning.
All pruning procedures are carried out before the sap flow begins or at the end of the growing season.
In its framework, they delete:
- thickening crown shoots;
- root shoots;
- branches on the stem;
- broken stems;
- parts of the plant affected by diseases.
Video: cutting and growing dogwood
Dogwood refers to almost self-infertile species. Bushes need cross-pollination. Joint planting helps set fruit. Planting several varieties will allow you to get a larger amount of yield.
Prevention of pests and diseases
Dogwood is almost the only berry culture, which is almost not affected by diseases and parasites. Most gardeners have been growing a dogwood garden for decades without any problems. However, occasionally troubles still occur.
With increased humidity, untimely sanitary pruning and direct infection with fungal spores, shrubs can infect fungal diseases:
|Rust||Yellow spots appear on the leaves||Treatment with Bordeaux liquid at a concentration of 3% at the end of the growing season before the fall|
|Powdery mildew||Leaves are covered with a white powdery coating||Colloidal sulfur treatment at the first sign of illness and after 1.5 weeks|
|Spotting||Dark spots appear on leaf blades.||Spraying with Bordeaux liquid at a concentration of 3%|
A common pest on cornel is a cochlea. The parasite can be removed by spraying with a soap solution. To prepare the preparation, dissolve 300 g of grated soap in 10 l of water. The amount of all the above processing products depends on the size of the shrub. Dogwood must be sprayed so that all parts of the plant are moderately treated.
For prevention, competent agricultural technology is enough:
- timely trimming;
- top dressing with mineral preparations;
- regular loosening of the soil;
- moderate watering;
- pruning and burning affected leaves and stems.
Did you know? Archaeologists found dogwood bones in the remains of Neolithic settlements.
Dogwood frost resistance
Most dogwood varieties withstand frosts down to –30 ° С. At lower temperatures, the shrub should be covered for the winter. Otherwise, the tops of the shoots may freeze. Young plants mulch in late autumn. A layer of humus or peat (15 cm) is used as mulch.
Before frost, the shrub is covered with a cardboard box, which is pressed with a load to the ground. Straw or wood shavings can be placed in a box to retain heat.
Adult bushes with developed shoots must be tied with twine or nylon rope. The connected branches are wrapped in spanbond or agrofibre.
Collection and storage of fruits
The fruits are removed as they ripen. Harvest ripens gradually, so it is advisable to inspect the shrub every day. Overripe berries can fall from the branches. Shelf life of fresh dogwood is 10-12 days. It is advisable to store the crop in the refrigerator in the vegetable compartment.
Dogwood is easy to care for - the culture has high resistance to high and low temperatures, diseases and pests. Simple regular care will allow you to get a tasty and healthy crop every year.