Why honeysuckle withers and dries
The honeysuckle shrub differs from other crops not only in its early ripening period, but also in its relative unpretentiousness to conditions. But sometimes it happens that the plant gradually fades and dries. Before resolving this problem, it is necessary to understand the causes and source of the disease.
Why does honeysuckle dry?
This culture can be called really unpretentious, because for its growth and development special conditions are not needed: honeysuckle perfectly tolerates heat, moisture and even windy weather. Many varieties have increased frost resistance, which allows you to harvest even with the onset of the first cold weather.
Did you know? Honeysuckle wood is extremely durable. Previously, it was used for the manufacture of nails for shoes and the basis for a rake.
Despite all the benefits of honeysuckle, the bush still needs constant care. It is very important that the soil remains constantly a little moist and fertilized. To do this, it is worthwhile to monitor regular watering and the introduction of appropriate fertilizing in the soil.
Sometimes it happens that after planting in the ground, the seedling begins to dry out, and its leaves turn yellow. The most common reasons why the shrub dries out are the poorly lit area (honeysuckle loves direct sunlight) and lack of nutrients.
Often, when buying a seedling from unscrupulous sellers, it will wither after a few days. This happens if the root system of a young plant has been overdried or damaged, for example, during long transportation or sale without a protective plastic container with the ground
Problems also often occur when buying both too small (up to 30 cm) and too large (from 1.5 m) seedlings. They take root in a new site for a very long time, and in bad weather conditions or inappropriate care they completely dry out.
It is necessary to carefully examine the seedling before buying to make sure that all leaves are green and clean, and also do not have colored spots on the surface. The shoots should be even - twisted or wavy branches indicate the presence of a disease.
Did you know? The honeysuckle family not so long ago included elderberry and viburnum. Now these plants are allocated in a separate family of Adoksy, but the honeysuckle includes a decorative shrub, a snowberry, as well as herbaceous plants of valerian and teasel - the latter is known for its large ornamental spiny fruits.
If the shrub that grows on the site for a long time and even bears fruit begins to dry out, then one of the reasons may be careless handling of the roots. Quite often, gardeners loosen the earth around the bush in order to saturate it with oxygen and improve the growth of honeysuckle. Unfortunately, in the process of weeding, cases of damage to the root system are frequent, which leads to partial or complete drying of the plant.
The second reason can be various seasonal and climatic diseases of honeysuckle. The shrub is considered quite resistant to external influences, but if caring for the plant is insufficient, disease can not be avoided. The most common diseases include the following:
- Monoliosis (fungal disease): leads to phased drainage of leaves, and later - branches and shoots of honeysuckle. If not treated, the bush dries out completely.
- Mosaic: A dangerous honeysuckle disease that causes a bright yellow spotted pattern to appear over the entire surface of the foliage. The affected plant can only be uprooted, because this infection is almost impossible to cure.
- Ramulariosis: the disease is characterized by the appearance on the leaf of rounded spots of gray-brown hue, weakening of the trunk and blocking the ingress of nutrients from the roots to the plant.
- Rust: the disease is characterized by the appearance on the leaves of characteristic bright yellow spots of fungal origin, which weaken the plant's ability to photosynthesis and lower the yield of berries.
The causes of all these diseases are different, but the result is one: gradual inhibition of plant development, drying out of leaves and branches, and sometimes even the death of the entire bush. The main blow is that under the influence of diseases, culture loses its ability to resist frost, stops growing, and also cannot settle in the spring.
How to revitalize honeysuckle
All diseases are dangerous because if you do not take care of the surviving part of the bush in time, it will die completely. And in the case of a close planting scheme for honeysuckle on the site, the disease can spread to neighboring plantings.
Important! In order to completely destroy the infection site and prevent it from spreading further along the plantings, all harvested parts of the diseased plant need to be burned as far as possible from the site.
To avoid negative consequences, it is necessary to completely remove the shoots affected by the infection (under the root), as well as collect all fallen leaves that have signs of the disease. The healthy part of the shrub, as well as neighboring plants should treat with copper sulfate solution, Bordeaux mixture or oxychom. This, as well as further care in accordance with all the rules, will help to revive the plant and not lose the crop.
Prevention of wilting
Often, the plant begins to dry just because of inappropriate care. To avoid this, it is enough to take care of the moisture and fertility of the soil under the bush. Mulching will help to maintain the desired soil characteristics even in the hot summer period.. It is necessary to cover exclusively the near-trunk part of the honeysuckle with mulch without digging the ground.
The optimal solution will also be the annual spring treatment of plants before the leaves bloom. This should be done using fungicides or copper-containing drugs.
Important! Digging and loosening the soil under the honeysuckle often happens not through the fault of gardeners, but because of the increased activity of moles and other pests in the area. It is worth paying attention to this before planting the plant, so that later you do not have to restore yield losses.
Besides it is worth regularly pruning shrunken and broken branches in adult plants (if they have been growing for six years or more). If the bush is more than 15 years old, then you need to prune the longest and oldest branches (usually the lower ones), even if they still bear fruit. This will help the shrub restore strength and resume development.
Video: Why honeysuckle dries
So, compliance with simple rules will help to preserve the crop and revitalize the honeysuckle without visible losses, even at the stage of plant disease. This is a fairly persistent shrub that, with proper care, will be able to calmly tolerate the defeat of infectious diseases.