Propagation of viburnum Buldenezh
Guelder-rose Buldenezh is a decorative variety of a bush with beautiful white flowers. Plants are often used for landscaping and decorating the site, photos of which pleasantly surprise lovers of beautiful gardens. Not surprisingly, many gardeners are interested in how to propagate plants. The rules for propagating the culture can be found below.
Propagation by cuttings
Propagation by cuttings of viburnum Buldenezh has its own characteristics. The gardener needs to know how and when to choose the right planting material. Be sure to understand the technology of cutting and landing. Equally important are measures to care for the plantings - it depends on them how quickly the plants take root.
Did you know? The name "Buldenezh" is of French origin. In the original name of the plant sounds "boule de neige" - "snowball".
Can Buldenezh be propagated by cuttings
Kalina Buldenezh propagates only in a vegetative way. These include the landing of cuttings. Other breeding options are not possible because the crop, unlike common viburnum, has no seeds, and the flowers are sterile.
Cuttings - a common method of propagation of culture. Despite the length of the process and the average survival rate, many gardeners resort to this method.
How to choose the right cuttings
To successfully propagate the shrub, you need to choose a quality planting material. Gardeners distinguish two ways of cultivating viburnum Buldenezh: green and lignified cuttings. Before you start harvesting scraps, you need to figure out how to select them. The rules for choosing cuttings are given below.
Did you know? Buldenezh viburnum was grown by French gardeners back in the Middle Ages.
The best option for propagation is green cuttings. Cuttings are cut from young branches up to a year old. It should be smooth stalks without damage. Dry, sluggish, broken and damaged by disease branches do not take root. Each cut site should have two pairs of internodes.
You can plant viburnum Buldenezh and lignified cuttings. They are cut from branches covered with bark. The shoots should be smooth, solid, without rot, raids and breaks. As in the case of green cuttings, there should be 2 pairs of internodes in the cut sections of lignified branches.
How to cut cuttings
The cut rules are the same for green and lignified material. The branch is cut into sections that meet the above parameters.
The pruning rules are as follows:
- above the upper internodes, a diagonal cut;
- under the lower internodes, the cut is straight.
Cuttings should have a length of approximately 10 cm. Branches are cleaned from the bottom leaves. The upper leaf plates are cut in half.
When is it better to cut
Cutting time depends on what shoots the gardener chose for pruning. Green and lignified shoots are cut at different times. Cuttings can be cut in spring or summer.
In the spring
In the spring, lignified shoots are cut. The optimal time for the preparation of planting material is April - May.
Summer harvesting is suitable for green cuttings. In the summer, a planned pruning of viburnum Buldenezh is carried out. During the procedure, it is convenient to select cut healthy shoots.
Care for cuttings
After cutting, the cuttings need to be rooted. For the best development of the root system, the trim is kept in a growth stimulator. For these purposes, you can use "heteroauxin." 100 mg of the drug is dissolved in 1 liter of water. In this solution, planting stock is kept for 6–10 hours. The processed material is planted in pots.
Important! When processing a root stimulant, follow the instructions. Excessive soaking is fraught with the opposite effect.
For planting, you need to prepare a substrate with the following composition:
- turf land - 3 parts;
- humus - 1 part;
- sand - 1 part.
Cuttings are planted to a depth of 1.5–2 cm and compact the soil around the stem. Seedlings are grown until next May, after which they can be planted in open ground. Landing at once on a constant place is also allowed. In this case, you need to close the plants with a cropped plastic bottle or equip a mini-greenhouse until next spring.
Shelter must be periodically raised for ventilation. When growing seedlings, adhere to the following care rules. These include competent lighting, watering and top dressing.
Do the cuttings need light
Kalina Buldenezh does not need bright lighting. Better to avoid direct sunlight. Cuttings planted in open ground shade. It is advisable to remove seedlings in the basement for autumn - winter.
Culture loves moisture. Keep the soil moist. Do not let the substrate dry - watering is best done daily. You can water the plant "under the bush" or spray from a spray bottle.
Kalina Buldenezh grows very slowly. For better growth when planting in open ground, you can add fertilizer. Before deepening the planting material into the ground, loosen the soil and add a double superphosphate matchbox.
Propagation by layering
Breeding by layering is less time consuming than cuttings. You can apply the method on the bushes from the age of one year. The procedure is carried out in the spring, at the beginning of the growing season.
To propagate the plant, use the following technology:
- Inspect the bush and choose a healthy sturdy shoot.
- Dig a groove up to 5 cm deep near the shrub.
- Bend the selected stem to the groove, pin it to the ground with a staple and tack it so that the tip remains above the ground.
Dredged cuttings regularly water. By the fall, the branch will take root. Now layering can be separated from the mother bush. The new bush is transplanted to a permanent place and taken care of according to the standard agricultural technology for the Buldenezh viburnum.
Video: Propagation of viburnum Buldenezh layering
Propagation by seedlings
The easiest method of reproduction is seedlings. Planting material is obtained by dividing the bush. In the early autumn or late spring, the shrub is dug up and a part with 2-3 shoots and a full rhizome is separated from the mother plant.
Plant seedlings according to the following scheme:
- Dig the landing holes at a distance of 2 m from each other with a diameter and depth of 0.6 m.
- Place the seedling in the pit, spread the roots.
- Fill the voids in the hole so that the root neck is 5 cm below ground level.
- Water the bush.
Important! This instruction is also suitable for planting seedlings purchased in nurseries.
A variety of decorative viburnum Buldenezh can be propagated by cuttings, layering and seedlings. Each of the methods has its own characteristics. Regardless of the choice of method, try to correctly approach the procedure. Only in this case a positive result of work awaits you.