Dogwood forms its own Kizilovy family, which combines about 50 species. Cornel ordinary is a tasty and healthy berry, which is used both in raw and processed form. How to properly cultivate it is discussed in this article.
Dogwood: planting and care
The plant is grown in the same way as many other berry bushes:
- soil preparation;
- planting a seedling;
- watering and top dressing;
- crown care;
For planting, a site is suitable in the southern or southwestern part of the garden, where it is very warm. But the place for the plant should be obscured by direct sunlight. For this, a spreading tall tree or agrofabric with an average pass of light is suitable.
Important! Dogwood is best planted in the fall. According to popular beliefs, this should be done at the beginning of the fall foliage near the poplar.
The following requirements apply to soil:
- neutral or slightly alkaline;
- if necessary, add sodium alkali (lime);
- the depth of groundwater is not closer than 1.5 m from the surface;
- flat or slightly elevated area;
- the distance of the landing site from buildings or fences is 3-5 m.
For planting, take a seedling 2 years old, which has a height of 1.5 m and several branches.
The plant is planted as follows:
- prepare a pit with a depth and diameter of about 0.8 m;
- in the evening pour a pit of 2-3 buckets of water;
- add about a bucket of organic fertilizers to the soil selected during the excavation of the pit and place part of this mixture back into the pit;
- drive a stake about 2 m high into the landing site from the side of the prevailing seasonal winds;
- in a mixture of earth and fertilizers, it is necessary to install a seedling and carefully spread its roots;
- fill the bush with the rest of the soil mixture;
- water the plant with three buckets of water.
Important! It is necessary to plant a bush so that the neck of the trunk is 3 times higher than the ground–4 cm
2-3 days after planting, young dogwood can be prepared for winter - the shoots need to be shortened by a third, the plant should be tied to a stake and the muzzle area should be mulched with humus, hay or sawdust.
Propagation of the plant occurs in the usual ways that are characteristic of berry bushes:
- bone of a ripe fetus;
Growing dogwood from bone
It is possible to grow a bush from a seed after its stratification. Drupe is removed from the fruit and placed in sawdust, moss or straw, which is constantly moisturized. This happens throughout the year, after which the bone is planted to a depth of about 3 cm. Such a shallow depth is due to the fact that the bone does not fall apart.
A hole appears in it through which the sprout comes out. Without preliminary prolonged soaking, the first seedlings will have to germinate for two years. Care consists in watering and fertilizing with organic matter, and after two years of growth, when the seedlings reach a height of 10-15 cm, they can be transplanted for growing.
Propagation by cuttings
This type of reproduction is not very effective, since the ability of shoots to rooting fluctuates at around 50%.
Did you know? Dogwood is a long-liver in the plant world - individual varieties and specimens are able to live and successfully bear fruit until the age of 300 years.
The growing scheme is as follows:
- From the tops of the green branches of a young bush, cut shoots 10-15 cm long.
- Tear off the lower leaves and leave a few pieces on top.
- Immerse the cuttings overnight in a growth stimulator.
- Rinse the cuttings and plant them in a cold greenhouse with sand to a depth of 10 cm at an angle of about 30 ° and almost flush.
- Pour cuttings from a shallow watering can abundantly and cover with a film.
- Ventilate the greenhouse daily and irrigate as the substrate dries.
- A week after the appearance of the roots, the film must be removed, and after three weeks, the seedlings should be transplanted to another place for growing.
- After a year, already strong cuttings need to be planted at a constant place of growth.
Vaccination is done in the spring on two-year-old plant seedlings.
Gardeners recommend this algorithm of this process:
- In the root layer (10-15 cm from the ground) or on the rootstock (about 70 cm) of the stock, make a section with the subsequent splitting of the trunk into two parts several centimeters deep.
- Cut the stem (about 15 cm long) from the bottom at an acute angle or sharpen it on both sides.
- Insert the graft into the cleavage of the stock and tightly wrap the junction with tape.
- Cover the remaining part of the scion over the garden var.
- Instill the grafted plant in a box with a sandy substrate and place it in a greenhouse or greenhouse.
- When the graft has taken root after grafting, you can plant it in open ground.
Propagation by layering
Another method of bush propagation can be applied in the spring with both horizontal and arc layering of one-, two-year-old shoots.
Allocate as follows:
- Dig and fertilize the soil around the crop with organic matter.
- Make small beds from the bush to the sides.
- Bend well-developed branches into these beds, “pin” them with brackets and sprinkle with earth.
- After the development of small shoots from the buds of the sprinkled stem, they need to be half covered with humus.
- After 2-3 weeks, it is necessary to sprinkle humus in the same way anew.
- When the layers are well rooted, separate them and put them in place for further growth.
Caring for a dogwood is not difficult, as it is unpretentious and requires the usual “set of procedures” used for any berry shrub.
For normal development, culture needs formative pruning. Usually, after it there remains a shtamb with a height of 50-60 cm and about five branches forming a crown. In this case, the plant develops harmoniously and puts all its efforts into the formation of fruits, and not into the cultivation of secondary empty shoots. In the first years of growth, it is necessary to carefully monitor the appearance of shoots thickening the crown - they must be removed immediately.
Did you know? Due to the strength of cornel wood, its wild shrubs are cut down. Door handles, sports equipment and even fakes of ivory carvings are made from it.
Rejuvenation of the bush is carried out from the age of 20 by cutting the branches that begin woodiness. Usually, after such a procedure, dogwood throws many new shoots into growth. There is also sanitary pruning, when the plant can be protected from the invasion of pests or diseases by removing the affected parts.
Dogwood pests and diseases
For all its resistance to parasites and diseases, shrubs can sometimes become infected with rust. In order for such a fungus to appear on the leaves, you need to really “try” to fill the plant with water or not take into account the depth of the groundwater. But if this happened, then treatment with Bordeaux fluid will help.
Powdery mildew, which is removed by colloidal sulfur or by plucking the affected areas, can also very rarely occur. An ordinary dogwood is definitely worth the attention of not only summer residents, but also farmers. This simple culture, the fruits of which are of great benefit to the human body, is still significantly underestimated.